premenstrual syndrome

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)?

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the group of physical and emotional symptoms that affect women before the beginning of menstruation. About 80 percent of women suffer from PMS.

Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

The real cause of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS): imbalanced hormones, increase estrogen levels and decrease progesterone levels. There are many things that promote these hormonal imbalances. For example, high carbohydrates foods, refined sugar, caffeine, stress, hormones in dairy products and in meat and estrogen-like toxins, in pesticides and in pollution. Alcohol also contributes to problems as it damages the liver and prevents excess estrogen from being eliminating.

Additionally, during the premenstrual period increase the prostaglandins hormones. These hormones are directly working to the inflammation processes of the body. This is the main cause of breast tenderness, may increase headaches and may also decrease pain tolerance.

Constipation or low blood sugar

Constipation and imbalances in intestinal bacteria can make the situation worse. Because they lead to the reabsorption of estrogen even after the liver has tried to get rid of it. Low blood sugar level is another factor that can worsen symptoms when a woman is a premenstrual syndrome (PMS). The blood sugar level may tend to fall more easily after a meal. Usually, the levels of blood sugar are stable for up to five hours. However, during the premenstrual period, sugar levels may drop in just three hours. This can lead to the lack of concentration, tiredness, and cravings for foods rich in carbohydrates or sugary.

Exercise is the essential requirement to balance the hormones. those women with a sedentary lifestyle are more likely to suffer from premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Physical symptoms of premenstrual syndrome(PMS): swelling in the stomach, hands and / or feet, tenderness and enlargement of the breasts, pain or cramps in the lower abdomen, weight gain, headaches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation , Changes in appetite, pain in joints or muscles and even acne.

Emotional symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS): irritability, anger, depression, anxiety, tension, fatigue or lack of energy, difficulty concentrating and crying attacks.

Fortunately, research shows that there are many ways to restore hormone balance and alleviate the symptoms without using drugs.

Natural Treatments to prevent Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Nutritional Needs in PMS

A PMS sufferer women usually consume more carbohydrates, dairy products, and sodium than the women who not suffer from it. PMS sufferer may have uncontrollable hunger in the period prior to menstruation. They usually want to take sweet foods, refined carbohydrates, and salty foods. Intake of stimulants may also increase during this time, such as coffee, tea, alcohol, chocolate, and cigarettes.

The women who are suffering from premenstrual syndrome (PMS) should eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. Including the whole grains in their diet and eating small meals during the day may stable their blood sugar level. So, they may be able to resist the hunger.

It is speculating that women who suffer from PMS may have deficiencies of essential fatty acids. Also, this is the main supplement to reduce premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Vitamins, Calcium, and Magnesium

Vitamin B6 and vitamin E may also be helpful. Vitamin E may help reduce breast pain while vitamin B6 seems to relieve other symptoms. Calcium and magnesium supplements may also help. According to a clinical study, it was shown that calcium supplements can lead to a 48% reduction in PMS symptoms. On the other hand, magnesium can reduce breast swelling and tenderness associated with fluid retention.

Exercise resists PMS

Exercise increases the levels of endorphins in the body, chemicals responsible for the feeling of well-being and relief of pain. Regular exercise is also useful for reducing stress and maintaining self-esteem. Aerobic exercises like walking, running, swimming and dancing seem to be the best. Remember again that, sedentary lifestyle women are more sufferers from premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Stress Reduction

Although it is true that some stress is necessary for a day but excess stress for a prolonged time has a negative effect on our health. In fact, stress is capable of disrupting the menstrual cycle. Women who suffer from PMS may feel their symptoms increase if they are in more stress.

To help lower the tension you can resort to yoga, meditation and relaxation therapies. It may also be helpful to reorganize your schedule. So, you reduce the stressful factors or events in the moments prior to menstruation. Low stress may help to reduce premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Herbal Therapy, Aromatherapy and Homeopathy Treatment for PMS

Herbal Therapies

Some herbal therapy has been traditionally used to treat menstrual problems, such as premenstrual syndrome. Taking the herb can reduce irritability, mood swings, anger, headaches and breast tenderness. It can also help balance the hormones released by the pituitary gland, which controls the overall function of hormones. Herbal therapies can help regulate the menstrual cycle and relieve abdominal pain.


For the swelling of the breasts, the essential oils of juniper, patchouli, grapefruit and carrot seeds may be used, either in compressed, in oil Massage or inhalations. Good oil is birch, which is a natural painkiller. Use Juniper if you experience fluid retention. A headache is one of the symptoms of PMS; try an inhalation of lavender or marjoram. For best results, start a couple of days before you experience any symptoms.


A clinical trial demonstrated that individualized homeopathy is effective in the treatment of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). The Top 5 homeopathic medicines are Lachesis, Natrum muriaticum, Nux vomica, Pulsatilla, and Sepia.

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