back pain

Back Pain: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatments

What is Back Pain?

Back pain is the common health problems around four out of five people in the world. It can vary from a mild and constant pain to sudden sharp stitches that hinder movement. Back pain can arise suddenly, with a fall or when lifting something very heavy. It can also get worse day by day. So, we have to know the back pain causes, symptoms, treatments and preventions as we are writing below:

Who can suffer from Back Pain?

Anyone can have back pain at any age, but it is more common in people between 35 and 55 years, or more. Backache is more common for the people who do not have the good physical condition. Taking high calories diets you may gain overweight that can cause the back to strain too much and cause pain. Due to smoke, your body may not carry enough nutrients to the back disc that may cause of pain. Smoker’s back pain takes longer to recover, so they suffer longer than others.

There are two types of back pain:

  1. The acute pain begins suddenly after an accident, a fall or lifting heavy objects. It is the most common type of back pain and lasts less than six weeks.
  2. The chronic pain can occur quickly or slowly and is long lasting generally more than three months. This type of back pain is much less common.

Luckily, you can take steps to prevent or relieve the back pain. But prevention doesn’t work for all, so you may have to take simple home treatment. Correct body exercise may help to cure the back pain in a few weeks and keep it functional for a long time. Rarely, surgery is required to treat back pain.

What are the causes of Back Pain?

It is very difficult to know exactly what the causes of back pain are. The back has many interconnected structures, including bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, and tendons. Therefore, there needed to closely monitor the each and every part to find out the cause of pain. The specialist can diagnosis the causes after discussing the history and doing some investigation such as X-ray, ultrasonography, MRI, CT scan, etc.

In general thought back pain may occur from some mechanical and medical problems. Mechanical problems are injured discs, spasms, muscle tension, herniated disc, and fractures by accidents and fall down. Medical problems are the disease such as scoliosis, spondylolisthesis, arthritis, lumbar stenosis, pregnancy, kidney stones, endometriosis, fibromyalgia, infections, tumors, and stress.

What are the symptoms of Back pain?

It’s very easy to understand the back pain but many times its have symptoms that you should know. Most common symptoms are weight loss or gain, swelling on the back, pain in lower part of legs, traumatic injuries in hip joint, urine retention, fever with back pain, etc.

Treatment of Back Pain

There are some steps that can help you to relieve from back pain. But remember that back pain can bring the permanent disability, so don’t waste the time to experiment.

Back pain treatments that don’t require surgery:

  • Use cold or hot compresses, which can relieve stiffness and constant back pain. The heat dilates the blood vessels to increase the blood supply to the back and reduce muscle spasms. Cold can reduce inflammation and soothe the intense pain.
  • Exercise, which can relieve chronic back pain and reduce the risk of having it again. Check with your doctor before starting a new exercise routine. Some exercises could be:
    • Push-ups, forward leanings to reduce pressure on the nerves, stretch the muscles of the back and hips, and strengthen the muscles of the stomach and buttocks.
    • Extensions, backward inclinations, such as lifting the legs or trunk while lying on your stomach. These exercises can relieve pain that passes from one area of the body to another and strengthens the muscles that support the spine.
    • Stretching, this improves the extension of the muscles and other soft tissues of the back. These exercises reduce back stiffness and improve range of motion.
    • Aerobic exercises, which make your heart pump faster, including fast walking, jogging, and swimming. Avoid doing exercises that require bending or leaning quickly forward, such as aerobic dancing and rowing. Avoid high-impact activities if you have disc diseases.
  • Carry a proper diet that includes calcium and vitamin D, which will keep the spine strong. A healthy diet also helps control weight to avoid straining the back.

Back pain treatments that required surgery:

  • Herniated discs: which occur when one or more of the discs that separate the bones of the spine are injured, the gelatinous center of the disc could leak, which causes pain.
  • Spinal stenosis: the narrowing of the spinal canal that puts pressure on the spinal cord and nerves.
  • Spondylolisthesis: This occurs when one or more bones in the spine become dislocated.
  • Vertebral fractures caused by injuries to the bones of the spine or osteoporosis.
  • Degenerative disc disease or damage to the discs of the spine as it gets older.
  • Rarely, back pain is due to a tumor, an infection, or a nerve root problem called horsetail syndrome (cauda equina). In these cases, it is having immediate surgery to relieve pain and prevent more problems.

Note: To understand the back pain it’s required surgery or not please discuss fast with your doctor. Without proper diagnosis, anything of medications or exercises can harmful to your body. You should consult with a doctor who is specialized in problem of the nerves, the muscles or the skeleton.

Source: www.niams.nih.gov

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